Laser engraver Atomstack A20 Pro in the test: brutally powerful and very fast The Atomstack A20 Pro is the most powerful table laser that we have had in the editorial office. TechStage has tested the expensive but unexpectedly powerful laser. 5:22 p.m. tech stage

The table laser Atomstack A20 Pro is the most powerful laser that we have had in the editorial office. Not only does it engrave many materials, it also cuts acrylic and wood up to 3 mm in just one stroke. And all without a connected PC. Voonze has tested the expensive but unexpectedly powerful laser.

In addition to 3D printers , cutting plotters and CNC milling machines, laser engraving devices have also reached price regions that make them interesting for private users. The two-axis lasers burn text or graphics onto wood, bamboo, cork, leather or even mirrors and tiles at the push of a button.

However, lasers are not exactly harmless to the eyes, which is why you should always work with safety glasses during use. Expensive models have a closed installation space that protects against the laser light – but you will look in vain for such a housing in the entry-level class with a large work surface.

The performance of the current models is even sufficient to precisely cut materials such as cardboard or thin wood. With material thicknesses over 3 mm, however, this is often the end of it – at least with most lasers. And this is exactly where the Atomstack A20 Pro wants to score. This individual test belongs to the DIY theme world below. After the Atomstack A5 (test report) , the Twotrees TotemS (test report) and the Sculpfun S9 (test report), the premium model from Atomstack now has to show whether the investment of over a thousand euros is worth it.

With a current market price of just under 1000 euros, the Atomstack A20 Pro is one of the high-priced diode lasers. Compared to the medium-priced models around 350 euros, the laser module is more powerful and the equipment is better. Instead of 5 watts of output power, the manufacturer promises a whopping 20 W and improved focusing. We can’t check that – but the test results clearly speak for a significantly higher performance.

The size of the work area and the basic structure of the frame are identical to other models from the manufacturer. Without an optional extension, the working area is 41 × 40 cm. This makes the A20 Pro as big as the Atomstack A5 M50 Pro (test report) and slightly larger than the Twotrees TTS-55 (test report) .

The frame of the A20 doubles as the y-axis on which the x-axis moves back and forth. The laser head sits on the x-axis and moves sideways on it. Since it is a fixed focus laser, the distance between the laser module and the workpiece must be adjusted. This works using an adjusting screw that attaches the laser module to the z-axis. To determine the optimal distance to the surface, a calibration aid is included in the scope of delivery. If this just fits between the laser and the workpiece, the focus is optimal and the laser shows its full potential.

A rarity are the factory-installed end stops, which are very helpful for frequently recurring jobs. Exactly reproducible results (positions) would not be possible without the limit switches for determining the position. An emergency stop switch directly on the laser and the touchscreen for offline operation familiar from the A5 M50 Pro are also on board.

We already know the offline function and end stops from other lasers, but they didn’t have a working WLAN control on board either. Another innovation is the included Air Assist. This is a system to avoid burn marks. It consists of a compressor that blows air through a hose and a nozzle directly onto the laser beam. Equipped in this way, burn marks are visibly reduced and the cutting power is improved. Until now, you had to find DIY solutions yourself or buy some from the manufacturer – everything is included here. All of our lasers are privately retrofitted with it.

All four features, offline function, WLAN control, end stops and Air-Assist are not necessary for successful operation, but they make working with the laser much more convenient. The offline function in particular is a real plus. Since the lasers cause a lot of smoke and stench during work, you don’t want to sit right next to them – ready-made protective cabinets, tents or DIY housings are available here, but even then the high volume of the Air Assist (which is about as loud is like a vacuum cleaner). Also, the computer is more or less blocked during the process. It is more convenient to feed the laser with data via memory card or WLAN and to be able to work on the PC in the adjoining room. Nevertheless, you should never take your eyes off the laser while working – we use a cheap WLAN camera for surveillance. The background is the risk of fire when working with combustible materials.

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The Air Assist was switched off on the left and switched on on the right. Ultimately, however, the surface can also be sanded down. 

The A20 Pro M50 kit arrives neatly packaged and thickly padded. The box contains the individual parts of the frame including screws and tools, the unusually large laser head, the control panel with mainboard, the touchscreen, the Air Assist compressor including the air hose, a USB cable, some samples for engraving and instructions. A large metal sheet is also included to protect the table top. The individual parts and components are all properly processed and deburred and leave a high-quality impression. Laser safety goggles are also included – green and uncomfortable, which is why we used our personal safety goggles in the test .

Atomstack A20 Pro: The mainboard with emergency stop switch and memory card slot. Next to the display for operation.

Screwing the laser together in the test takes just over half an hour. The instructions, including the illustrations, are brief, but completely sufficient, since the parts are also labeled in an exemplary manner. Laying the lines and connecting the air hose is also unproblematic and we can start with the first tests after less than an hour.

After the construction we look for a suitable place for the laser. Thanks to the stand-alone function and WLAN, the laser does not have to be in the immediate vicinity of the PC. In addition to sufficient space and a free power connection, there should also be a possibility for ventilation. If you have pets and/or children at home, you must also ensure that they do not have access to the laser while it is working. For better cutting results, we also use a metal honeycomb grid under the workpiece.

The software stored on the microSD card included in the scope of delivery is once again the freeware LaserGRBL . This works, but we find it neither clear nor intuitive. As an alternative, we therefore use the Lightburn software, which is also provided by the manufacturer . The program can be used as a free trial version for 30 days. If you decide to buy a laser engraver, you should definitely include this software in your budget.

In the test, we only control the laser directly via notebook and Lightburn during the first run. This works well, but is impractical because of the cable. Operation via app and smartphone also works, but we only use the function as a test because we are used to our workflow with Lightburn.

The control app is clear, but limited to basic functions. 

The first step on the PC is to import the desired template, a pixel or vector graphic, and adjust the size and position. It is also possible to create text or graphics directly in the software. The program supports numerous other formats in addition to JPEG, TIFF or DXF. After the settings for speed and laser power, either the engraver is started or, in our case, the GCode is exported to the memory card. Once this is inserted in the laser, the data can be easily selected using the touchscreen. This is followed by positioning on the workpiece. To do this, we have the frame around the graphic scanned by the laser head – still without a strong laser beam, just to determine the position. This can now be adjusted and corrected using the arrow keys. Then we start the work process with the play button. The operation of the touch-sensitive screen works better than on the A5 M50 Pro – the visually identical touchscreen reacts more precisely and reliably.

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Atomstack A20 Pro 

The laser of the A20 Pro scans the motif and, depending on the setting, burns it more or less deeply into the surface. This is faster with vector graphics, which the laser follows exactly. Pixel graphics, on the other hand, are traversed in lines. This takes much longer, which is why you should definitely process fonts or logos in vector format to save time. How long the complete engraving and cutting process takes depends not only on the size but also on your own settings. In order to relieve the laser module and thus achieve the longest possible service life, the laser should preferably never work at full 100 percent. We use a maximum of 85 to 90 percent.

The A20 Pro is easy to use for users with laser and 3D printing experience as well as users with a basic technical understanding. But even those who already have experience with other lasers have to slowly approach the correct settings.

Atomstack A20 Pro: The first attempts don’t look so great – too much power was used here. 

The laser works without any problems right from the start, but the results are not that great at the beginning, as they are often too deep and too burned. Our first engravings on 2 mm thick plywood went completely through the material and even the next attempts initially ended unsatisfactorily because they were too deep and too burned. This is due to our standard settings. These are designed for 5 to 6 W of power and are therefore unsuitable for the A20. This test chart, which we engraved once with the A5 M50 Pro and once with the A20 Pro, shows how big the difference in performance is. So we test and then work at significantly higher speeds and with less power – at least when engraving.

As we slowly get used to the new settings, the results keep getting better and better. Engraving wood, leather or permanently marking metal works great. Outlines and details are sharp and noticeable burned into the wood. Contrasts and shades of gray are easy to see and distinguish on the plywood used. Even at a speed of 8000 mm/min and only 50 percent power, the engraving is burned in noticeably deeper. At 5 W, the surface is just slightly blackened here.

The test file was not optimally set for the strong laser. 

Marking aluminum and stainless steel also works great. In addition to some tests on tool surfaces and old knives, we also wrote a few new dog tags right away. Engraving leather and stone also works without any problems. However, smoke and odors from leather are extremely unpleasant. Here you should always work with little power so as not to burn the sensitive material. You should also stretch the leather, as it warps when you work it.

But even if we can work at higher speeds and with less power here, apart from a manageable time saving, the differences to other lasers are only minimal. Now it’s time for cutting, because here the A20 can show what it can do thanks to the powerful laser module and practical Air Assist.

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For cutting 3 mm thick plywood and black acrylic, we only need a single pass at 85 percent power and a speed of 200 to 250 mm/min and get clean cut edges. It feels like there could even be a little more speed here, but we prefer to be cautious here. In any case, none of the diode lasers tested so far had as much power as the A20 Pro!

So far, we have almost only cut wood that is 2 to 3 mm thick. With the A20 Pro, thicker materials are also no problem. 

The 5 W lasers usually need at least a second, more likely a third pass for 3 mm plywood. The A20 Pro easily cuts 5 to 6 mm thick material. Eight mm worked in four passes in the test, but that always depends on the wood. In practice, the A20 even manages a cutting depth of more than 18 mm (real wood!) – but then six to nine passes are necessary. For comparison: With the old Atomstack A5 (test report) from 2020, we needed at least ten passes with 2 mm.

If you plan to engrave or cut plastics, you should first find out about the material properties. With many plastics, pathogenic substances are produced during laser treatment, which should never get into the lungs.

According to the price comparison, the Atomstack A20 Pro costs almost 1200 euros including Air-Assist. This is expensive, but still okay in terms of equipment and performance. At Banggood , the A20 Pro even costs 1300 euros at the time of testing. At Tomtop, the device is listed for 1100 euros with delivery from the EU.

The Atomstack A20 Pro is almost identical to the cheaper A5 M50 Pro (test report) – only the A20 is a whole house number stronger! Even cutting craft wood and acrylic up to a thickness of 16 mm and more works without any problems with this brutally powerful laser. The higher power also allows higher engraving speeds, which shortens the working time compared to other lasers. In addition to the great quality when lasering and engraving, we primarily like the offline function, the built-in end stops and the effective Air Assist. You don’t have to do any more tinkering with this machine – at best you could retrofit a housing.

In practice, we are only bothered by the high volume of the compressor and the high price.

If you are looking for a compact and powerful table laser that can also be used to cut thicker material, you cannot avoid the Atomstack A20 Pro. The cutting performance of the A20 Pro is second to none – so far we have not had a comparably powerful laser in the editorial office.

However, if it is only about marking and engraving, we would save the extra charge compared to other laser engravers. Here we would prefer the much cheaper 5 W lasers. The otherwise similarly well-equipped A5 M50 Pro (test report) is available from 429 euros. The non-offline-capable Sculpfun S9 (test report) without end stops is available from 400 euros, the slightly smaller TwoTrees TTs-55 is available from 279 euros . We were also impressed by the small Laser Pecker 2 (test report) , which is only suitable for engraving , but its small working area and high price bother us.

If you want to work with wood, you should also take a look at our guides to saws and grinders .