Almost all the mobiles that are sold are 5G, being the mobile technology that will change everything in the coming years. In addition, unlike 4G, many use cases have been designed for private companies that can take advantage of the benefits of technology for a myriad of practical applications. Many of them will even deploy private 5G networks for their use and that of their employees. For all this, the government, through the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation It will reserve 5G frequencies for electricity, gas and water companies.
A few days ago the long-awaited auction of the 700 MHz ended, in which Movistar, Orange and Vodafone were left with the most interesting blocks for a fairly tight price. However, the rollout of 5G doesn’t end here. On the one hand, the government must start thinking about auctioning 26 GHz and, on the other hand, see what to do with private companies that want to have their own networks. Today we resolve what will happen to that last question.
5G private networks, what will they be like?
The Government, through the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Digital Transformation, has decided to reserve radio frequencies of the 5G spectrum for private companies. Although they can be for any type of company, it seems that the most relevant will be those of sectors such as electricity, water or gas. They can build their private telecommunications networks independently of the operators and self lend services of different types.
This is something that the government has been studying for a long time since, other countries such as Germany They have already started it. There they have reserved 25% of the 3.5 GHz band for private companies, allocating these frequencies directly to those that automate their manufacturing processes.
At first, the government raised the possibility of handing over part of the spectrum in 26 GHz to these companies, as it is a very high speed band, but very short range. However, this will not be a reality. Finally, according to National Table of Attribution of Frequencies (CNAF), part of the 2.3 GHz band will be reserved for this use. In total, of the 100 MHz available, 20 MHz will be reserved for these vertical networks, 20% and very close to the percentage of Germany.
The decision is not a signature since the publication in the BOE of the ministerial order remains, but it has the approval of the National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC)Although the regulator considers that part of the 26 GHz band should also be reserved as it has much more spectrum available.