In every recent Mac is a copy of the Bitcoin manifest


The document in which in 2008 the or the people behind the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto illustrated the functioning of what would become the most popular cryptocurrency in the world included with every Mac with macOS Mojave (10.14) or later. Bitcoin: a peer-to-peer electronic money system it’s part of the “standard equipment” of any Mac from 2019-2020 to presentand nobody knows why.

A circumstance that to define as strange is an understatement, but so be it. Credit goes to Andy Baio, an enthusiast who shared on waxyhis blog, the two ways to recall that document that for some reason is part of each copy of macOS Mojave, Catalina, Big Sur, Monterey and Venturaand for equally unknown reasons it’s not there in macOS High Sierra and earlier.

If you are as curious as we were, you have two ways to recall the 9-page manifesto.


The fastest way to get to the Bitcoin whitepaper is open Terminal and paste this command (we checked, it works):

open /System/Library/Image Capture/Devices/

The alternative method for those who may not have a good relationship with Terminal is just as simple but just slightly longer, and let’s add ineffective for us who tried from a Mac updated to Ventura 13.3 (the folder Devices in Image capture is empty, the content is probably hidden). However, here are the steps:

  • Bookshelf
  • Image capture
  • Devices
  • Control+right click on
  • Show Package Contents
  • folder Contents
  • resources
  • and finally just open the file simpledoc.pdfthe Bitcoin white paper.

simpledocand therefore the crypto manifesto, would be set as example file for a dummy device called VirtualScanner II.


But of all the documents, why was this one chosen? After some hypotheses and probably thanks to the visibility that the discovery had, Baio recounts the confession of a little bird who told him that about one year ago Someone within Apple reported this to the engineer who first put the file there, starting a official troubleshooting procedure.

However, the engineer, as is evident, never intervened.

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