Every copy of macOS from Mojave includes Satoshi Nakamoto’s Bitcoin whitepaper

bitcoin mac 1.jpg
bitcoin mac 1.jpg

Satoshi Nakamoto’s Bitcoin whitepaper has been found on every modern copy of macOS since Mojave in 2018, but its origin and purpose remain unknown.

Although the file’s presence may be intriguing, it does not appear to have any effect on the functionality of the operating system.

The inclusion of the Bitcoin whitepaper in macOS is a puzzle for Mac users

The aforementioned text, written by the mysterious creator of the cryptocurrency, Satoshi Nakamoto, has been discovered in every modern copy of macOS, from the Mojave version released in 2018 to the current Ventura version. The file is in PDF format and is hidden in the Image Capture utility as a sample document for a device called “Virtual Scanner II”. Although it is not clear why this specific document was chosen, it is believed to be used as a convenient, lightweight test file that was never intended to be viewed by end users.

The discovery of the Bitcoin whitepaper, as recounted by Waxy, was made when designer Joshua Dickens noticed the file on his Mac in November 2020, inspiring an Apple community post in April 2021. Since then, Several users have confirmed the presence of the file on their macOS devices.

How to access the Bitcoin whitepaper on your Mac

To access the Bitcoin whitepaper, open Terminal on your Mac and type the following command:

open /System/Library/Image 

If you have a version of macOS later than 10.14, the Bitcoin whitepaper will automatically open in Preview. You can also access the file through the Image Capture utility by selecting the “Virtual Scanner II” device and setting Media to “Document” and Media DPI to “72 DPI”. This will allow you to see the preview of the first page of the Bitcoin document.

The presence of the Bitcoin whitepaper in macOS has puzzled Mac users and led to many questions about its origin and purpose. Until now, there has been no clear answer to these questions. However, it has been speculated that the file may be related to the “Import from iPhone” feature or may simply have been chosen for convenience due to its light size and ease of testing the Image Capture utility.

photo demo mac

Meanwhile, it has also been discovered that there is another unusual file in the Resources folder called cover.jpg. This file is used to test photographs as a media type and features a 2634 × 3916 JPEG image of a sign on Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay.

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Brian Adam
Professional Blogger, V logger, traveler and explorer of new horizons.